The Emerald is probably one of the most well-known gemstones worldwide. In Ancient Egypt it was very popular because of it’s brilliant color and impressive radiance.
This gem belongs to the group Beryls in the mineral class of germanates and silicates.
The name Emerald comes from the Greek σμάραγδος, which means green stone. However, it was borrowed from Sanskrit, Marakatam, meaning green. However, it is believed that the word ultimately stems from the Semitic word meaning shining or lightning stone.
Emerald, Greek: σμάραγδος (green stone); Old Indian (Sanskrit): Marakatam (green)
Light to dark green
Beryl; germanates and silicates; structure: cyclosilicates (silicates)
The Emerald lends its name to the Emerald cut, which is an octagonal, step-like cut. Because the gem is brittle and shock-sensitive, the cut is highly important.
The price and value of an Emerald depends on its color, the cut, the size (carat), and its luminance. Generally, lime green Emeralds are the cheapest, while fir green Emeralds are among the most expensive gems.
Inclusions, unlike in other gemstones, increase the value of the Emerald. These inclusions are referred to as jardin.
The Trapiche Emerald, with inclusions that cause a hexagonal wheel-like pattern in the gem, is extremely rare. Moreover, Emeralds with cat’s eye formations are highly prized.
The Emerald is especially assigned to Cancer. It is also the primary stone for Libra.